Kinneil Estate

Old Kinneil Parish Church (12th C.)
©2022 Gazetteer for Scotland

Old Kinneil Parish Church (12th C.)

An area of parkland with recreational facilities adjacent to Bo'ness in Falkirk Council Area, Kinneil Estate comprises Kinneil Wood; the ruined 12th-century Kinneil Church and the site of a mediaeval village; an Antonine Wall Roman fortlet; Kinneil House, which was built by the Dukes of Hamilton in the 16th-17th centuries and later leased to John Roebuck, a partner in the Carron Ironworks, and Dugald Stewart the philosopher; Kinneil Museum, which displays examples of cast-iron objects and locally produces pottery; and the workshop cottage of the inventor James Watt who was a joint patent holder with John Roebuck of an improved steam engine to pump water from the Bo'ness coal pits.

The Kinneil Estate was acquired by ancestors of the Duke of Hamilton in 1323. After the First World War, the former Bo'ness Town Council purchased the woodland area and surrounds of Kinneil House under the Public Parks Act. The estate is now owned by Falkirk Council.

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