Perth and Kinross

Though most commonly associated with a well-known hotel in the heart of Perth and Kinross, the name Gleneagles is more anciently associated with a narrow valley, a mansionhouse, a castle, an estate, a station and a chapel. Situated a mile (1.5 km) to the southwest of Auchterarder, Gleneagles Hotel has become one of the world's leading golfing venues, the King's and Queen's courses having been laid out between 1910 and 1919 by James Braid, five times Open Champion. The hotel itself was conceived by Donald Mathieson of Caledonian Railways and completed in 1925, the nearby Gleneagles Railway Station was upgraded in 1919 to welcome holiday makers to the smart new railway hotel. Gleneagles House at the northern entrance to Gleneagles comprises a 1750 extension to an earlier 17th-century building that is approached by an avenue of lime trees planted to commemorate the Battle of Camperdown (1797). Little remains of Gleneagles Castle, the early 16th-century tower house of the Haldanes, but close by is the restored 16th-century Gleneagles Chapel, a private chapel, probably of greater antiquity, that gives the valley its Gaelic name which means 'the glen of the church'. Half-way up the glen, a 19th-century toll house has been restored as a private dwelling.

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