City of Edinburgh

Mercat Cross and War Memorial, Dalmeny
©2022 Gazetteer for Scotland

Mercat Cross and War Memorial, Dalmeny

A planned village on the Dalmeny Estate, Dalmeny lies to the east of South Queensferry and west of the city of Edinburgh close to the A90 road approaching the Forth Bridge. Stone-built cottages were built around a square next to the fine 12th century Norman church, with the whole village now being designated a Conservation Area. In the 1930s, both the church and village were renovated by volunteers, miners' cottages having been razed and their occupants moved to modern Council housing nearby in 1938. Built in 1817 for the 3rd Earl of Rosebery to a design by William Wilkins, Dalmeny House was the first Tudor Gothic Revival house in Scotland. Archibald, 5th Earl of Rosebery, acquired items associated with Napoleon now on display in the house, supported William Gladstone's Midlothian campaign in 1880 and was himself Prime Minister in 1894-5. Dalmeny House replaced the former residence of Barnbougle Castle on the shores of the Firth of Forth, which dates from the 13th C.

To the south, the Dalmeny Oil Works was established c.1870 to exploit local oil-shales. This operated until the 1920s and deposited its waste material in a sizeable bing. Dalmeny Tank Farm was built within this bing in the 1970s, while the Royal Elizabeth Yard, a half-mile (1 km) to the south southwest, was a Royal Navy Victualling Depot built during the Second World War to supply food and drink to navy ships in Port Edgar and Rosyth. The site closed, was sold in 1996 and now forms a business park and trading estate.

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