Scottish Borders

A small settlement and sizeable industrial estate located a mile (1.5 km) southwest of St Boswells, Charlesfield was the site of a munitions factory during the Second World War, one of only two in Britain producing 4 lb (1.8 kg) incendiary bombs. Built by ICI in 1942, at its peak of production the factory employed 1300 people and made one million bombs per month. After the war the site became a Royal Navy Armaments Depot, but this closed in the early 1960s. Once connected to the railways in the vicinity, the site is now a growing industrial estate, although some evidence of its military past remains.

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